Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Mastering the Essential Skills of Sportsmanship While Having Autism


This post was originally written for a site titled Character Booster, but I recently discovered while checking the links on my site that this site is no longer in operation. I decided to make this post available for my readers in a post linked to the original post. I will do the same for the other two written for the same site as soon as I possibly can. Please enjoy the original guest post as it was submitted to Character Booster a little over six years ago. Thank you for your understanding and continued support! ~Lorrie

I am honored to have been asked to write a guest post for Character Boost. As a parent of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), I mostly write about how autism affects our family, the education of our son and how difficult social interaction is for him. Autism can best be described as a brain-based disorder that impairs the development of a child's social behavior and communication. I want to give others an insight into my son's extraordinary journey on the autism spectrum. Over the last few years, my husband and I have given our two boys, Vincent and Nathan, more freedom to play with and get to know the other children in our neighborhood. It has been a good experience, and experiment, in social interaction for our sons, especially for Nathan. Occasionally, there may be an afternoon when Vincent has had to escort Nathan back to the house because he has had a "meltdown". Most of the time, he is able to "self-regulate" and rejoin his friends until it is time to come in for dinner.

When the weather will not permit us to be outside, we will play some of our favorite games such as Sorry!™, Monopoly™, Aggravation™ or something special on the Wii™. If we decide to play a game on the Wii, it will usually depend on what we are in the mood for. Each of us gets to choose a game that we want to share with the rest of the family. The diversity in the skills that each of us have, the variety of sports that each of us chooses and the difference in levels of patience are something that makes our family time one of quality and quite memorable. Individual strengths, and weaknesses, make each one of us unique and special. While Vincent may be good at Frisbee Golf, Matt likes the Tiger Woods™ golf and I enjoy the 100-pin bowling, Nathan is exceptionally good at Table Tennis. Our family has learned, that no matter how much that we struggle with a certain skill set, to remember that we are there to support one another through a difficult level and to cheer each other on to success!

We are extremely proud of how Nathan has learned to master the concept of individual game rules, take turns in playing games and how important general sportsmanship is in everyday life. His slightly older brother, Vincent, has been essential in helping Nathan accomplish these motor and social skills. My husband and I are very blessed to have such wonderful children and to know that each of our boys can do, and will continue to be able to do, anything that they set their minds on.

Saturday, March 23, 2019

How You Can be Supportive of Individuals with Autism in Your Community*

*This article originated as a paper that I wrote recently for a college assignment titled "How to be Supportive of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders in the Community" and I wanted to share it with you.
Autism Spectrum Disorders are a group of brain-based disorders that impair the development of a child’s social behavior and communication skills. It affects an average of 1 in 59 children, a 15% increase of from the previously reported 1 in 88 children in the United States. The rate is one in 38 among boys (or 2.7 percent) and one in 152 among girls (or 0.7 percent).[1] Autism Spectrum Disorders, also known as ASD, are more likely to affect about 4.5 times as many boys as girls. It does not recognize any boundaries when it comes to classifications such as race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status.[2] An individual with Autism may tend to stand out to people because of his or her behavior or the unusual characteristics they are displaying. They can become easily agitated and require experienced individuals who know how to interact with them. It is important to remember that they do not see things the same way that we do; their perspective is different than ours.
     A challenge that individuals who have Autism Spectrum Disorders encounter is that they do not always respond to others as expected, causing others to misinterpret their silence or how they react to what others want from them. If you come in contact with an individual, child or adult, who displays fidgeting, does not make eye contact and does not seem to understand what you are asking of him or her, they most likely have Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). It is best if you maintain a calm voice and see if he or she can tell you what their name is. Do not try to touch them or move towards them too quickly. If he or she feels threatened, they may run away from you. Instead, continue to talk with him or her to build a rapport by asking what their favorite thing is. Once you know that the individual is not going run off, contact 9-1-1 to report that you have found someone who needs a first responder who is qualified to work with an individual with ASD.
  Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder do not understand figurative or slang speech. They are very straightforward in how they communicate, verbally and nonverbally. When talking with them, remember that they take everything literally. If he or she starts to become agitated, calmly ask him or her what they had to eat earlier and if they are hungry. It is possible that he or she is hungry and needs to eat so that they can focus on something other than their stomach. Also, depending on the weather and what type of clothing they are wearing, they could be feeling cold or hot. Individuals with Autism usually have something on them to identify who they are such as a bracelet with emergency contact information or a patch on their clothing with a QR code that can be scanned to notify their family as to their whereabouts. A particular QR code can hold pertinent information to that individual and can be updated online by family in the case that he or she goes missing.
  If an individual with an Autism Spectrum Disorder is over-stimulated, he or she may try to wander off in search of a calmer environment not realizing that you are unaware of their location.[3] Many individuals with Autism seek solitude when they wander away from the chaos they are experiencing. Most times, they are not aware of how dangerous leaving the safety of the boundaries set for them can be. Children and adults with the autism spectrum disorder are twice as likely to wander off, succumb to prolonged exposure and probable drowning. A few examples of places they might be drawn to could be a neighbor's pool, a local amusement park, or somewhere they have happy memories of spending time with their family. There is more of a possibility that he or she can become fatally injured, resulting in death, while they are wandering unsupervised. As a community, we can keep a vigilant eye out for anyone that is by themselves, especially a child, and call 9-1-1 for assistance when we have determined it is warranted. 
  Another way that we can support individuals with ASD in the community is to friend their families. Whether it is in our neighborhood, at church, or through our child's school, these families will appreciate the interaction and support. Friendship can resemble a lifeline to those affected by Autism Spectrum Disorders. I know this because my youngest son received his diagnosis of ASD eleven years ago. If it had not been for the friendship and support of extended family, friends, and other families at church our journey would have been more difficult than it was for us to endure. We have been so blessed to have the support and to be included in activities like we were. Everyone was so patient with our son and would help us keep an eye on him so that he could enjoy the same activities that his slightly older brother was participating in like Vacation Bible School, Children's Church, and friends’ birthday parties. My son has made such progress because the community was so supportive of my family. He is now a sophomore in high school, taking advanced placement (AP) classes, and plays baseball with his brother for the high school which they attend.
   I am so proud of what he has been able to accomplish, including being able to walk down the halls of the high school without anyone knowing he has ASD. It is because of the obstacles that he has overcome that I have been able to return to college, complete my Associate's degree, and I am working towards finishing what I started thirty years ago, just in a different path. I plan to acquire my Bachelor's degree in Psychology, as well as my Master's in School Psychology, to "pay it forward" to the school district that has been accommodating to my son. As a School Psychologist, I know that I can make a difference in the quality of education that Special Education students will receive and improve the relations between the Teachers in the Special Education Department and the ones in the Regular Education classrooms. The support of the community can make all of the difference in not only the lives of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders, but also to the members of their families, as it has mine. Are you willing to friend and support a family that needs to know that they are not alone in their journey? I hope so!
  If you are interested in learning more about our journey, please start by visiting Nathan's Voice, my amateur blog. You can also follow me on Twitter @NathansVoice for updates. If someone that you know has recently received a diagnosis of ASD, please share the attached article with them!

Friday, December 21, 2018

Merry Christmas from Our Family to Yours and to a Happy New Year in 2019

As we prepare for the upcoming holiday festivities, we have to remember that the safety of our #Autism loved ones is a priority.  Individuals with Autism tend to wander off to avoid unwanted stimulus in search of peace and quiet or for something familiar to them through previous experiences.  We should always know where they are for their protection. Read more here on how YOU can help prevent an unpleasant event from happening to your family, or a friend's family. 

Merry Christmas from our family to yours and I wish you the best in 2019! I look forward to hearing from you if you feel like leaving me a comment below. 

Monday, December 10, 2018

REPOST of "Autism and the Holidays" by Bobbi Sheahan

This is a wonderful post by the Author of What I Wish I’d Known About Raising a Child With Autism; A Mom and a Therapist Offer Heartfelt Guidance for the First Five Years. I hope that you enjoy it and share it with someone you know! -Lorrie

You know those Christmas pictures where the little kid (we’ll call her “Bobbi, circa 1968”) looks terrified as she peepees in Santa’s lap?  Just try to keep that image in mind as you contemplate that Mom and Dad’s idea – or the extended family’s idea – of what will be fun for the holidays may be a bit much for a child on the autism spectrum. 

Whether you celebrate Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, or Festivus, the next several weeks come loaded with certain expectations that you may want to revisit in light of the reality of autism. 

We’ll start with some words of wisdom from Dr. DeOrnellas.  Fortunately, we seem to be going through another period in our country in which SIMPLIFY is the byword. More than just a catchphrase, simplifying our lives at this time is crucial to the well-being of our families – especially for our children with autism. This is not the time to be Super Mom or Dad. Keep things simple, only do the things that you and your children really enjoy, and allow yourself the pleasure of doing less.

Prepare, prepare, prepare.  Years ago, Dr. DeOrnellas introduced me to a wonderful resource: Social Stories from Carol Gray. If you’re not familiar with Social Stories, they are a wonderful resource. The goal is to create a story that tells children what behavior is expected in a new situation or a situation in which their behavior has been less than stellar in the past.  

For example, if you have to take your children to Great-Aunt Harriet’s house, you and your children make up a story about what they are to do. This should be done a week or two in advance and can be read every day until the visit.  Social Stories work, and they can be fun, too!

Social Stories can be as detailed and repetitive as you need. For example, you can show your children pictures of the people who are going to be at the celebration, and rehearse greetings. This serves two goals:  behavior training and helping to reduce your child’s anxiety.  You can look at a copy of the map and highlight your route and discuss where you might stop along the way. You can also plan what familiar CD’s you might listen to in the car. You can rehearse, rehearse, rehearse greetings and conversations. This will also give you a chance to take note of what seems to be daunting to your child.

I’m going to let Dr. DeOrnellas take the wheel for a while, because what she has to say is so good:  It can go something like this…When we go to Aunt Harriet’s house, we use our inside voices and keep our hands in our pockets. We look at all the neat stuff she has, but we do not touch it.  We keep our hands to ourselves and we don’t touch anything unless Aunt Harriet says it’s OK…. You get the drift. Social Stories prepare children for the unexpected and give them the tools they need to stay out of trouble. Social Stories aren’t just for the kids, by the way.  It also helps if you prepare Aunt Harriet and let her know that Lulu does not want to be hugged, but Suzie doesn’t mind.   

It’s a great idea to actually put your expectations and concerns in writing and share them with your extended family, if they’d be receptive. It’s also going to help you to clarify your own expectations. Not sure what to say? I have a great starting point for you.  More than a decade ago, Viki Gayheart wrote a “Dear Family and Friends” letter from the perspective of a child with autism. It has stood the test of time, and can be found at http://www.danasview.net/holiday1.htm  

Some of the tips include:

-         The holidays may be fun for many people, but people with autism find a break from their routine to be the opposite of fun;

-         Others should not be offended (or surprised) if the person with autism needs to take some breaks from socializing;

-         Many people with autism find it difficult to be touched, so exuberant greetings and hugs may not go over well;

-         Dressy clothes may present sensory challenges; and

-         What appears to be bossiness is actually an attempt to feel safe and in control

Author Gayheart closes the article with a plea for empathy: I will find my place at this celebration that is comfortable for us all as long as you'll try to view the world through my eyes!” I really appreciated this letter, as it forms a great outline for some of the major issues that we face when we take our act on the road for the holidays.

Keep surprises to a minimum. This theme was echoed by my friend Bobbie Padgett, a mom of five, who also happens to be Mrs. Kansas 2012 (how cool is THAT?), who said, “I think one of the secrets to surviving, and if you are lucky, enjoying, the holidays with special needs kids is to stay as structured as possible. I always found that things went more smoothly when our kids knew what to expect. Grandma showing up as a "surprise" maybe isn't a good idea if one of the children is going to be displaced by it or if it's going to require a great deal of change. Being out of school is fun, but sometimes it can be challenge for kids who really need routine.” Bobbie has lots more good stuff to say about lots of things, and you can find her at  www.mrskansas.org/blog/ . (Tell her The Other Bobbi says hi.)

Let mealtime be peacetime, even if Junior has a grilled-cheese sandwich for Thanksgiving dinner. (Or, for that matter, for every meal for the whole visit.) Planning ahead when it comes to food is also a smart move. If your child has a short list of things that he is willing to eat, you’ll want to bring lots of Those Things wherever you go. 
Granny may be very proud of her plum pudding, but Junior may think it’s just One Unfamiliar Thing Too Much. I also need to remember that my child on the spectrum isn’t going to be too keen on waiting for mealtime when she sees Just What She Wants on the buffet table.  Social Stories can only take us so far, and she isn’t going to appreciate the social niceties of waiting until everyone has gathered and the preliminaries (greetings, saying Grace, etc.) are done. Yes, I am training her, but it’s a much slower process than it is with other kids.  That doesn’t make her a bad kid any more than it makes me a bad mom. (I’m sure, Gentle Reader, that you could point out so many other reasons, but I digress…)

This is yet another area in which the holidays aren’t the time to be SuperMom and SuperDad. As Dr. DeOrnellas puts it: Many of our kids on the spectrum are very picky about food. I was talking to a Mom yesterday who said her daughter only eats brown foods so she was trying to add a little color to her diet by putting purple food coloring on a chicken nugget. Holiday foods can be very colorful and full of things we don’t want our kids to eat.

If your child is picky or is on a special diet, please bring food for him to any gathering. These are his comfort foods and forcing him to “just try it” is sure to set a meltdown in motion. This is not the time to try new things. There are plenty of other new things going on. Also, and most importantly, please warn the hostess that your child is not going to eat the carefully prepared meal, the fruit cake, etc. Do not allow someone else to try to force feed your child. That’s actually a great lead-in to the next step, which is:

Try to prepare friends and family. You can tell folks in advance about the challenges that may arise. If your child has a meltdown, it shouldn’t come as a shock to family and friends.  Spelling things out at the start is going to be a big help. That’s not to say that everyone is going to be empathic or understanding, but it’s worth trying. Aunt Ethel may think that you’re a lazy parent because your child is playing with Legos or watching a favorite video instead of socializing, but Aunt Ethel may surprise you with her generosity of spirit if you talk to her in advance about what you plan to do.

Am I the only one who does this? I doubt it. This year, I actually started seeing Christmas decorations in some stores before Halloween. (And, by the way, what is up with THAT?) As the shopping season seems to stretch backwards towards Labor Day, I do my best to avoid getting too wound up. Part of my strategy is to do as much of my shopping as possible online. I don’t like the mall any more than my kid does, and this time of year, it’s a madhouse. 

I also make people laugh by starting to address my cards Ridiculously Early. (That doesn’t mean that I finish them early, or even on time. Or at all.) This also gives me the time and space to involve my kids in the process.
Know When to Say When. Let’s say you’re traveling. If you need to stay in a hotel so that you and your child can have someplace neutral to retreat to, go for it. If you need to take two cars or to arrive for just part of the celebration, do what you reasonably can do and don’t feel bad about it. If it’s time to just have a quiet holiday at home with your immediate family, enjoy the peaceful holiday and connect with everyone by phone.

Dr. DeOrnellas has more to say about this point: If staying in a hotel is not an option and you have traveled 1500 miles to visit Grandma and Grandpa, you are probably staying in a strange (to your child) home with strange people. Work with Grandma and Grandpa to find a space where your child can get away from everyone. For example, set up a video and some toys in a study or unused bedroom. When your child starts to unravel, she can go to her special place to regroup. And don’t be offended if she chooses to stay there for most of the visit. I’m jumping in to put this next part in bold because, to me, it’s the most important sentence in this whole article: The way you will be feeling at the end of the visit (tired, overwhelmed, cross, ready for a nap, and ready to go home) is the way that your child feels the minute she gets on the plane.

Build in more respite than you think you’ll need. If you plan on doing a manageable number of things with a manageable number of people involved, you may miss some activities, but that may be what you need to do. I will bet you a dollar that you won’t be bored. If one spouse can stay at the hotel with a child or two while the other spouse hits the town with the other kids and the relatives, that may work too. 

Consider autism-friendly vacation venues As autism awareness has increased, so have accommodations. Whether an outing is just a side dish to our vacation plans or the main course, it is wonderful to have some options. In the U.K., for example, there are literally dozens of entertainment venues and vacation spots that are autism friendly. I was delighted to find the following listing:  http://www.autism.org.uk/living-with-autism/out-and-about/holidays-and-days-out/holidays-autism-friendly-venues.aspx There are also sensory-friendly movie theaters, and even Broadway is getting on board. This Fall saw the first performances of an autism-friendly Lion King on the Great White Way! 
Yes, this impacts the whole family; that’s not all bad. In a post about last year’s holidays, blogger Brooke Potthast reflected on the challenges that autism had brought to Christmases past, and that, in retrospect, the “struggle and brokenness of autism” had, over the years, brought about unselfish beauty in her now-grown kids. I was really moved when I read her post, which you can find here:  http://www.ageofautism.com/2010/01/honest-holiday-thoughts-from-an-autism-mom.html  This is helpful to remember as we worry about whether our other children are being impacted. Every gift has its costs, and every hardship comes with hidden gifts. I have found this to be very true when it comes to living with autism.

Consider a simple, quiet holiday at home:    We’ve talked a lot about going places and interacting with people.  You may also want to consider something truly novel and mind-blowing:  staying at home with Just the Fam.  As I worked on this article, I realized that this would be the most loving and sensible choice for my own family this year. 
Dr. DeOrnellas has personally enjoyed this approach: Everyone comes into the holiday season with their own ideas of how it is to be celebrated. I encourage families to sit down together in mid-November to talk about what is important to them. It is a good time to remind our children, and ourselves, why we are having these celebrations and what they mean to our family. I encourage each family member to name one or two things that they would not want to miss out on. For one, it is making sugar cookies and decorating them with Mom; for another it is driving around looking at Christmas lights or going to Midnight Mass, or singing carols, or buying gifts for families in need. Each family member has something that is special to them. Once you figure out what those things are, you can start to eliminate all the others. In our family, we were able to drop a lot of the commercial, retail aspects of Christmas (our holiday of choice). We don’t go to the mall or fix foods that no one really cares about. Instead of spending time and money on expensive gifts for each other, we now give small tokens of love and spend a fun day together playing games with our extended family. With the money we save, we “adopt” another family.

One reader, Venessa, likened a special-needs situation to life with small kids:  you need to face it realistically, and next year won’t necessarily be like this year. In Venessa’s case, she and her husband decided to spend several holidays at home with just the immediate family when her kids were small. After considering the car trips or airport nightmares (pick your poison), the sleepless nights due to disruption of the kids’ routines, the difficulty of accommodating special dietary needs on the road, it was just easier to have simple holidays at home, and it gave birth to some wonderful traditions for them.  When my children were infants, I was comfortable with saying NO a lot, and people mostly understood. Now that they’re a little older, I feel like I need to explain when I decline an invitation, but the truth is, I don’t.  We have been sad to miss a couple of family weddings in a row because it would have been too much for our kids, but the extended family Really Does Get It.  They were kind to invite us, but they also understood that it would have been a disaster.   

However you and your loved ones spend your holidays, I thank you for joining me this month and I thank you so much, Lorrie Servati and Nathan’s Voice, for letting me be your Featured Guest Blogger for November!  It’s an honor for which I am truly thankful this Thanskgiving.

Bobbi Sheahan and Kathy DeOrnellas, Ph.D. are the wonderful authors of What I Wish I’d Known About Raising a Child With Autism; A Mom and a Therapist Offer Heartfelt Guidance for the First Five Years (Future Horizons, 2011). Portions of this article are excerpted from Chapter 3 of the book, which is available at www.fhautism.com and wherever books are sold. 

Wednesday, November 14, 2018

I Have Registered for Classes Next Semester

It is difficult for me to believe that this is week thirteen of the sixteen week fall semester. I am looking forward to Thanksgiving next week so that I can spend some quality time with my family before I have to return to finish up the semester. Finals are just around the corner and looming in the shadows, hoping to catch me unaware. I will be prepared for each of them, as much as I can be, but I am exhausted and ready for the end of the semester. Carrying twelve credit hours and working almost twenty hours a week is a lot for me to keep up with, all while taking care of my family who is putting up with my crazy schedule.  

I registered for all of the spring classes that I want to take next semester; all fifteen credit hours. The way that I have arranged them will hopefully help me to keep up with the extra weight. It is not what I had planned, but my newly replaced academic advisor did not do her job. I have met with her several times, as well as having been in correspondence with her since January. She let me register for an elective class that would keep me from meeting the requirements that the university has for upper division courses. Not once did she say "we need to find an upper division elective to replace that course so that you can meet the university requirements." Now, I have to pay for another course, as well as the textbook, that I had not planned or budgeted for while working on my Bachelor's degree.

I always try to spin my circumstances in a positive light. I now have a new academic advisor who has given me more advice and support than I had previously. She also helped to get the two courses that I bombed three decades ago marked to reflect that I had retaken and passed them both. My GPA has come up enough to show that I am trying to be a good college student. My new advisor also suggested that I submit the syllabus from a psychology course and the scholarly paper that I wrote for it while attending a local community college. After reviewing both items, the Psychology Chair is allowing me to count that class as one of my three psychology electives at this university. I can take an upper division elective with those three credits to graduate on schedule by the end of the Spring 2020 semester with my B.A. in Psychology. 

With my new academic advisor's help, I am back on track and looking forward to next semester. I am also enjoying my new position on campus as a student worker to advisement in liberal arts and mass communications. I have the privilege of getting to meet and assist other students needing to make appointments with their academic advisors. My schedule is flexible around my class hours and time that I need to put towards class projects, events on campus, and preparing for exams. It is a good job, and I will keep it for as long as I can. It is not easy to find a position on campus because everyone is applying for them; it is very competitive. Another bonus is that I do not have to work evenings or weekends with my campus job. I can enjoy dinner with my family every evening, then work on my homework and get some sleep before starting my next day of classes and work. 

I hope that you enjoy time with your family and the delicious food during Thanksgiving weekend. We all need to remember that family is important and make time for it, whether it is once a week or once a month. 

Saturday, October 13, 2018

Adjusting to Life as a "College Girl"

I am halfway through my first semester as a transfer student, back at the four-year university where I started my college career thirty years ago. It has been quite an adjustment for me to commute at least thirty minutes one direction to college every morning, five days a week. That drive is much farther than when I was attending the community college close to home. The nice thing about the length of my commute is that I have plenty of time to reflect on my to-do list as a student on my way to campus and as a parent on the way back home. The downside to the length of my commute is that it takes longer for me to get back home to my family after being away from them all day.

   If my husband and two teenage sons hadn't been so supportive of my transfer back to my hometown university, I would not have been able to handle being a transfer student. My husband has been cooking dinner and managing the afternoon household responsibilities while I am driving home from work. Our oldest son has been responsible for driving himself and his brother to and from school each day. They understand that this is only a temporary situation and that I will be able to contribute more once I have completed my bachelor's degree. Our oldest son will graduate from high school the same year that I will graduate with my B.A. in Psychology. Our youngest son will graduate from high school the following year. 

  Even though it took me a while to return to college, I am old enough to understand and appreciate the importance of getting a college degree. I am also glad that I was able to find a part-time position on campus as a student worker in academic advisement; I feel like I am more connected with what is happening on campus. It has also helped me to integrate back into being a college student and meeting other students on campus. I have recently volunteered or participated in a few extracurricular activities on campus. I am blessed to have a second chance to complete my college education, and to be able to enjoy my time as a "college girl"!

Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Enjoying Your Summer? I Am Because I'm Not Taking Any College Classes!

I hope that you are enjoying your summer. I certainly am. As you can probably guess, I have been busy taking college classes ever since I started back in 2014. The last summer that I had off was in 2015. It was later that year during Christmas Break when I decided to change my major from Education to Psychology. I have been motivated ever since then to complete my Associate's Degree in Psychology by May 2018...which I did!!
Now that I have finally completed my Associate's Degree, I will be attending a four-year university in my hometown, where I will be working towards the completion of my Bachelor's Degree in May 2020. I am so excited about being able to finish my college education in the near future and contribute to my community as a Psychologist!

So, enjoy your summer, just as I will be with my family! I will keep everyone updated on how my family adjusts to another new schedule when I start classes in the fall.